Sjambok with silver handle (litupa)
Litupas are sjamboks of hide other than hippopotamus. This is a rather small litupa, about 4ft long, max. 1/2 in thick. It has a silver handle and some wirings around the shaft (maybe for balancing). The handle has the size of a man´s index finger.
Origin: South Africa
Purpose: Punishment/flagellation, Self defense